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YEAR 5 (1)

 Ages 9-10


Map work (scales, grid systems, keys, 8 compass points). Locational knowledge (create maps of N and S America; Africa)

Physical geography: rivers and coasts (geomorphological processes)

Optional exploration topic: early and medieval exploration


(A)  Map work and locational knowledge (North and South America; Africa)

(B)  Physical geography: Rivers and Coasts (geomorphological processes)

(C)  Optional Exploration Topic (Early Exploration)


(A)  Map work and locational knowledge


(i)  Map work

Study maps to understand common scales and simple grid systems, recognise basic symbols and keys and understand how to use the eight points of a compass


(ii)   Create maps of North and South America and a map of Africa

              North America:

–   Countries and capitals: Canada (Ottawa), USA (Washington DC), Mexico (Mexico City).

–   Mountain ranges (Rockies, Appalachians)

–   Rivers (Yukon, Mackenzie, St Lawrence; Missouri, Mississippi)

–    Deserts (Sonoran)


South America:

–    Countries and capitals: Argentina (Buenos Aires), Brazil (Brazilia), Chile (Santiago), Colombia (Bogota), Peru (Lima)

–   Mountain ranges (Andes).

–   Rivers (Amazon, Orinoco).

–   Deserts (Atacama)



–  Countries and capitals:  Egypt (Cairo), Ethiopia (Addis Ababa), Ghana (Accra), Kenya (Nairobi), Nigeria (Abuja), South Africa (Pretoria).

–   Mountain ranges (Atlas Mountains).

–    Deserts (Sahara).

–   Rivers (Nile, Congo)


(B)  Rivers and Coasts (geomorphological processes)


Study: the water cycle; rivers; coasts; formation of landforms; processes of weathering; processes of erosion


(C) Optional Topic:  Early exploration c. 2,500BC to 1000BC


  1. Egyptians, Mesopotamians, Minoans, Mycenaens (c 2,500 – 1,500 BC) – what did they trade, and where from? What were their boats like?
  2. Canaanites; Phoenicians; Carthaginians (c. 1,500 – 600 BC) – who were the ‘purple men’? why was Carthage so prosperous?
  3. Ancient Greeks (c 350 -150 BC): Who were Alexander the Great, Pytheas and Eudoxus?
  4. Chinese exploration (130 BC- 100AD): explore the silk road and Buddhism
  5. Romans (c25BC-150AD): What was Strabo’s ‘Geographia’? What did Aeulus Gallus do in Arabia? What are ‘Hippalus winds’? What did Seutonius Paulinus do? What is Ptolomy’s ‘Geographia’
  6. Vikings (c 800-1000AD): Swedish, Norwegian and Danish Vikings – where did they travel to? What were their ships like? Who were Eric the Red and his son, Lief?